If your goal as an educator is to engage your learners, then authentic teaching is what you want to do. It works. Why? Because your learners get to explore what interests them, within the constructs of your objectives and goals. I’ve used the analogy before, they are in the driver’s seat, but you are navigating. Or maybe you are in the driver’s seat, but they are navigating. I think it goes back and forth actually. But the bottom line is that they are exploring topics of interest to them, while you are meeting your own objectives and goals.
The photo above is from the Martian Colony Project that I was very involved with. These fifth-graders came in from recess to work on the colony board. The board was a great vehicle to teach many math skills – perimeter, area, scale, map grids… But the students were also reading (research about Mars and everything else they wanted to incorporate into the colony), writing (writing about their colony plans), working with science, social studies…
And they were able to easily explore their own interests within the colony. The colony had sports teams, a spa, snack bars, health clinics…you name it and the colony had it.
So, substitute a project designing a new office building, a sports complex, a university, an airport…the authentic list is endless.
Working on a recent blog about project ideas for horses, I was thinking that really this blog could be about any animal. Which got me thinking that any of my blogs could be about something similar…or not similar. That is what authentic teaching and learning is all about.
The point of authentic learning is to present an idea, and see where your learners take you. You are still in the driver’s seat, but you are allowing your learners to navigate how you get there. As long as you get there, that is the point.
So, if your goal is to learn about animal habitats, and you suggest an authentic project about horses, and your learner(s) are more interested in dogs, or cats, or snakes (yuck), then that is fine. And if your learners are only interested in football…and they want to read about football and write about football…the history of football, create a timeline about the sport, design a football stadium. Start pulling in all of your goals into football.
So, we started with horses and now we are on football. Back to animal habitats…how many stadiums are home to wild animals? What kinds of animals? How did they get there? Has a wild animal ever interrupted a game? What happened? That is authentic teaching and learning.
Put this under the project idea category of “you have got to be kidding me!” This is what these folks do for a job. They dive off of cliffs. I have never been so glad that I earned my living as a teacher!
This photo was taken in Acapulco. Our guide told us that none of the divers have ever been seriously injured. They start out as children and learn to dive off of the lowest rocks and gradually move up. My daughter was a competitive gymnast and it was fascinating to watch how gymnasts learned new skills. It took years to develop some skills and by the time they were doing them on different apparatus they were so well trained for so long, you really didn’t worry about them getting hurt.
Still, watching the divers, I held my breath!
So how long does it take for a diver to master the highest cliffs? Are there cliff divers in other places? What is the history of the Acapulco cliff divers? (Research, time line, report, display, Power Point…)
Do they use math when they dive? How? Could computers be used to make their dives even safer? How? How are computers used in other sports to improve achievement and safety?
While I really push the idea of authenticity, please don’t authentically dive off of a cliff to research this topic!
Authentic learning can’t start too young. Exposing children to books and reading should start the day they are born. As they grow, let them explore and enjoy books that interest them, on their level.
Having a rich reading environment for children is hugely important. Not only having lots of high interest reading material available, but having care-givers that model reading as well.
And remember, reading is reading. It doesn’t need to be Shakespeare for a child to grow as a reader. I am a voracious reader, mostly sci-fi. I don’t believe I would be the reader I am without sci-fi. No offense to the Great Bard, but not my cup of English tea. I’ve been reading sci-fi since I was old enough to hold a book. And now I write it!
And yep – that is my book, Tex the Explorer: Journey to Mars. And yep – it is upside down! (Authentic Exploration)
I did a post about elevators a while back, but this one was too cool to pass up!
We just returned from a historic lodge which had this elevator. You opened the door and then pulled the gate back to get in. There were modern elevators in the lodge also, but we went out of our way to always use this one. The only other time I have seen an elevator like this was in Europe years ago.
So, what is the history of the elevator? Who invented it? Where was it invented? (Reading)
Design an elevator (Math). Construct an elevator (Math). What will elevators in the future look like (Writing/Math)? Lots of authentic ways to go with this…up, down…sideways?
I saw this whimsical carousel in Boston. I love the sea-life included in the carousel, so appropriate as Boston is all about seafood!
It would be a fun authentic project to design a carousel (lots of math, lots of writing) and perhaps incorporate a theme from where you live, or what you enjoy, into the carousel. It could feature famous landmarks, favorite sports, characters from books…
Your students could even build a model of their carousel. A working model could incorporate the authentic topics of energy and motion.
Maybe even design and build a model amusement park. With authentic projects the sky – and beyond – is the limit.
My daughter was taught reading in fifth grade using a very analytical program developed for above grade-level readers. It was very researched-based. Lots of solid educational theory behind it. She was a voracious reader. By the end of fifth grade she hated reading. She hated books. She refused to read. (With a fantastic reading teacher in sixth grade, my daughter discovered her love of reading again, thank goodness.)
Why? This program picked books apart. The kids had to analyze them to death. Every chapter was torn apart and looked at.
Think of it this way. View a gorgeous Monet painting. Stand several yards back and take it all in. Breath-taking. I fell in love with art through the work of Monet. Now, press your nose up to the canvas. Pick it apart. Analyze the color. Analyze the strokes. Not so great anymore, is it?
I see the same thing happening with project based learning, what I call authentic learning. Semantics – project based learning, authentic learning, learning through play…everything has the same goal – to make learning real, make it worthwhile, make it count. Not only are folks hung up on the semantics, they are hung up on planning every detail out ahead of time, getting plans from others, following commercial programs – not authentic at all.
Don’t do to authentic projects what that reading program did. Don’t pre-plan and pick apart the experience until you destroy the spontaneity and joy of learning for you and your students. Go with the flow, as the captain of your ship keep it on course, but allow for your passengers to experience the choices from the buffet along the way!
I love entering photos and crafts into our local county Grange Fair (which sadly won’t be taking place this summer due to Coronavirus). One of my favorite categories to view is the craft category of turning something old into something useful again. I have never entered, but it is so cool to see what people do. Old jean shorts turned into purses, t-shirts turned into quilts, glass bottles turned into lamp bases, fronts of old greeting cards turned into new cards…
I saw this at a local restaurant and it reminded me of that category. Simply taking old horseshoes and turning them into a menu holder on the wall. I don’t think this would be a ribbon winning entry – not overly creative – but it is certainly a really cool authentic way to recycle.
So, authentic project idea – turn something old into something useful again. Write directions for what you are creating. Include any needed math. Maybe somehow turn this into a community service project – creating something to cheer someone up…lots of ways this project could go. I would love to hear what your learners come up with!
I had an idea to refine my blog by adding more topics to my menu, breaking down my ideas into reading, writing, math, science, and social studies. As I started to look at my entries, I realized that if I did this I would be moving away from exactly what I am trying to promote – teaching authentically.
If you are teaching authentically, then you are not teaching in isolation. If you are authentically teaching math, it should involve research/reading. If you are authentically teaching reading, it should involve social studies, science, and math. Writing should be authentically incorporated into every subject, it should not be an exercise unto itself.
So I am going to leave all of my ideas for authentic projects under one topic. It really shouldn’t make it more difficult to find an idea, as the whole point of my blog is to give you lots of ideas to think about and see if one resonates for you and your students. Need to teach area – design a dream house, measure for carpet, plan a new park, figure out how many chocolate chip cookies can fit on a cookie sheet… (And send me the recipe please – still looking for a great chocolate chip cookie recipe!)
Baking is a fantastic authentic way to teach kids math. (True confession – I still need to visualize some sort of cooking experience when I am trying to figure out fractions.)
While baking with kids, you need to talk with them about what they are doing. Insert math language and content into the conversation. Guide them, but let them problem solve.
You can step in to stop a catastrophe – it would definitely be catastrophic to add too much salt to a cookie recipe, while adding too many chocolate chips would be a bonus!
Have fun, and please send me any good recipes for chocolate chip cookies. We lost our favorite family recipe (absolutely catastrophic).