In centuries past, many (most?) jobs involved agriculture and/or production of tangible goods. Today many (most?) jobs involve information. What will the jobs of the future be? Will we still have farms? (We will always need food, but will it come from farms?) Will people be needed to work on farms? Will there still be small businesses?
What are some jobs from the past that no longer exist? What are some jobs that exist now that are going away?
Many authentic ways that students could answer and present the above questions. Reports, charts, graphs, posters, living history presentations…
And…students could create a resume for a future job that they would like to have. What can they do now to authentically prepare for this job?
This one may be for middle/high school, although I really disliked it when folks underestimated my elementary kids…so this may work for elementary also.
My husband and I just took a lovely afternoon train ride booked as “The Fall Foliage Special.” One thing we noticed was the amount of freight traffic coming through at our destination depot. There were six trains in one hour! There is definitely a lot of cargo being moved by trains.
It is amazing to watch these trains go by. They seem to go on and on forever, usually being pulled by just two engines. And returning to our starting point, the conductor mentioned that we were completing the final 20 miles of our journey using no energy as it was slightly downhill and the train had plenty of momentum. (Trains/Energy/Momentum…Authentic Teaching/Learning…)
So, I started to wonder…what does it cost to ship a container on a freight train? What is the cost differential of shipping something by truck versus freight train. Is it cheaper to ship by train? Why or why not? What makes one more reasonable than the other? Why is one picked over the other? (We live in Central Pennsylvania and I can assure you there is also no shortage of shipping being done by trucks on our highways!)
Maybe students can pick a cargo they want to ship from Destination A to Destination B and do a cost analysis of train versus truck. And to further the authentic research, add shipping by airplane into the mix. And don’t some of the freight containers that end up on a train arrive by ship? How in the world is all of this coordinated? And when I order two very different items from Amazon on two different days, how in the world do they arrive in the same box? Lots of authentic jumping off points!
Why do different trees turn different colors in the fall? Reds, yellows, oranges… What causes leaves to turn colors? This season the leaves seem so much brighter and more colorful than they were last fall. What causes leaves to be more colorful some years, and less colorful other years?
There are so many great projects to do with fall leaves. Not only answering the questions above, but displays of leaves (labeled as to type of tree they came from), photo journals, art projects using the leaves…
Many people like to hike and enjoy the gorgeous fall colors this time of year. What other outdoor activities do people like to do in the fall? If you look closely, in the picture above you can see a boat with some fishermen in it. Is fall a good time to fish? And as always…if a discussion of fall leaves turns into a project about fishing…that is authentic teaching and learning!
Shopping at our local grocery store a few days ago, I ran into this in the aisle. My husband had told me about the robot in the store so I wasn’t totally shocked. But it was still rather amazing to see this “guy” wandering around the store (authentic use of personification here).
When I started down the path of using projects/authentic learning to teach, I was very aware of the fact that we were educating children for jobs that don’t exist yet. Case in point, the person who designed this robot. But I was also aware, that we were educating children to enter a work force where many jobs that exist today won’t exist in the future.
My husband explained to me that this robot’s job is to make sure there are no spills in the aisles and report immediately if there are any messes that need to be cleaned up. While this robot doesn’t appear to be able to clean up spills yet, I am sure that the next generation robot will be able to. So this takes away a responsibility from a human. Maybe someone is not employed full time to do this job, but as robots take over more and more responsibilities like this, you can bet that human positions will be cut.
What does this mean? It means that the children we are educating today have to be able to think creatively, think outside the box, be innovative, and be risk takers. These are the jobs that are going to exist in the future. Drilling children on facts that they can easily find on their computers or cell phones does not prepare them for the future they will face. They need to know how to ask good questions, and where to go to find good answers. Filling in answers on worksheets, doing endless memorization and drilling, giving the one correct response, is not preparing them for this future.
This is why I am passionate about using projects/authentic learning to teach! And I am now passionate about grocery shopping as I can’t wait to run into this robot again and see him in action. Gosh, it is tempting to spill something and see what he does! (I won’t ok…but it is tempting! And I am a bit of a klutz, so if I buy a drink from the coffee shop at the front of the store you can almost guarantee a spill. Stay tuned…I will let you know what happens…)
So, this one kind of stumped me. I had never seen blue pumpkins before, until I stumbled upon these in a local market. (Maybe I have been living a sheltered life.) Are blue pumpkins new or have they been around for a while? How do you grow a blue pumpkin? What other color pumpkins can you find?
Where do pumpkins grow best? What part of the pumpkin do we eat? What can the seeds be used for?
Create a display about different kinds of pumpkins. Bake a pumpkin pie. Predict how many seeds are inside a pumpkin. Bake the pumpkin seeds. Create pumpkin art with the seeds. Bake something using the inside of an actual pumpkin (not canned pumpkin).
How did the Jack-O-Lantern tradition start? What is the history of Halloween? How did the tradition of eating pumpkin pie at Thanksgiving in America start? What are Fall Holiday traditions in other countries?
And…upon researching blue pumpkins I stumbled across information about these pumpkins. Blue pumpkins are being used to symbolize at least two really thoughtful things for Halloween Trick-or-Treaters. I am not sure if this is just in America, or in other countries as well that celebrate Halloween.
Lots of authentic questions, lots of starting points for authentic projects.
I looked up in the sky a few days ago and saw a patchwork of contrails. What causes planes to leave contrails? Why are they more visible on some days? Can you learn something about a plane from the contrail it leaves? (Resource: Fantastic videos about contrails on YouTube!)
How many different types of planes are there? What new planes are currently being designed? Design a better plane. (Authentic Learning – start with a discussion of contrails and see where you end up…)
This picture got me thinking about trees. In this picture there is an evergreen and a deciduous tree. What is the difference between the two types of trees? Where are they commonly found.
An authentic project could be a photo-journal of types of trees. Evergreens vs. deciduous. Are all evergreens conifers? Are all conifers evergreens? Varieties of both types. Why are different trees suited for different climates? Why do deciduous trees lose their leaves?
What category does the palm tree fall into? Why is the palm suited to the tropics and subtropics (hint – hurricanes). Where are the best places to vacation in the topics? (Remember in authentic learning the point is that the child learns and grows – so if a project about trees turns into a project about vacation destinations that is authentic!)
There are also groups that will give you a sapling to plant in your yard in order to encourage tree growth. Do a search on line to find a give-away event near you. Plant a tree, learn about it, track its growth… Why are trees so important?
Years ago, if you sent in a box top from Lucky Charms cereal to General Mills, they would send you a sapling to plant in your yard (limit one per family). So true confession, we sent in many box tops and used our friends’ addresses who didn’t want trees. We planted our entire backyard with these saplings and watched them grow for the next twenty years. We no longer own that home and I couldn’t find a picture of our old backyard. But it was a fantastic authentic experience for our kids to learn about those trees and why trees are important, to plant those trees, and to watch them grow. (Please don’t report me to General Mills!)