Eleanor K. Smith is a recently retired special education teacher currently living in the mountains of Central Pennsylvania.
She received her Bachelor’s from Michigan State University in Elementary and Special Education, and her Master’s from the University of Central Florida in Elementary Education with an emphasis in Gifted Education.
Her thirty-plus year career in special education included teaching in Texas, Florida, and Maryland. In 2013, she was recognized by the NASA Explorers School Program as a Merit Teacher.
She is the author of two books:
"Tex the Explorer: Journey to Mars", written as Ellie Smith, illustrated by Eyen Johnson. (This is a Children's Book, Early Reader, Science Fiction)
"One School's Journey" written with Margaret Pastor. (This book tells the story of the journey of the staff at their elementary school as they set down the path to discover how to engage their students using authentic projects-soon to be published.)
Catch her blog at: The-Educational-Journey.com
This photo was taken by a hiker I happen to know. Not so sure I would have hiked through this! How did the rocks get into this formation? How would you know it was safe to hike through? What kind of rocks are these? Where did the beautiful colors come from?
So many authentic questions. This photo could lead to authentic projects about rock formations, types of rocks, best hiking trails in your area, equipment needed for hiking, hiking safety, beauty in nature… And I’ll be participating in my favorite, much safer pastime while my husband hikes…on-line shopping!
Make it real and make it count. That is the mantra of authentic teaching and learning. But does “real” really mean “real”?
The photo above is from a Virtual Science Fair on Mars. While creating the Martian Colony, we decided to hold a Virtual Science Fair – on Mars! We learned about the scientific process and the kids all came up with a question and hypothesis, and a proposal for conducting an experiment on Mars. They then built a model showing what their experiment might look like on Mars.
Our focus was teaching the concept of hypothesis. So many times, we see Science Fair entries that are really reports, not experiments. So, with this group of fifth-graders we took the process apart and focused on each piece throughout the year. The kids were graded on whether or not they wrote a hypothesis. In the end, most of them went way beyond that.
The Science Fair may have been “Virtual” in that we really were not on Mars, but it was real science, and it did count!
*Our favorite entry was the student who wanted to know what would happen if you took a can of soda out on the Martian surface. Her hypothesis was that it would explode because of the extreme cold temperature on Mars. She decided to test this out in her freezer at home. And the can did explode. We hid from that mother when she visited the Virtual Science Fair!
Eyen and I are thrilled (overwhelmed) to announce that our book Tex the Explorer: Journey Through the Alphabet is a FINALIST in the Chanticleer International Book Awards Contest – Little Peeps Division (Early Readers). We were both blown away when we made it to Semi-Finalist in this competition – to be a Finalist is over-the-top for us.
I am so proud of my amazing illustrator – he is the reason these books shine!
Tex the Explorer: Journey Through the Alphabet is available on Amazon.
I don’t think I can write too often about cooking. I can’t think of an authentic activity that can inspire so many driving questions and possible authentic projects. I have written before about using cooking to teach math. But you can also teach reading through cooking. And social studies. And science…
Children need to use math to cook. But they also should be looking up and reading recipes. And how about finding special dishes that represent different cultures. Why do people eat different foods in different countries? What grows best in different locations? How does this affect what people cook with and eat? Lots of different and delicious authentic ways to go with cooking! Enjoy!
Several years ago, my husband and I had the privilege of cruising through the Panama Canal. I honestly did not understand how long the canal was until we journeyed through it. I was blown away by how difficult it must have been to dig the canal – the length, the heat, the bugs, just everything involved in this huge undertaking. And it was built over a century ago.
So many possible authentic projects, so many driving questions… Why was the canal built? Why were locks needed? Is the canal still important today? What is the economic impact of the canal. (Looking at the recent impact from the ship blocking the Suez Canal helps answer this question.)
So many authentic ways to present project findings… Create a brochure about the canal. Create a timeline for the canal. Build a model of the canal. Create a map of the canal. Draw a poster explaining how the locks work.
And remember, driving questions and authentic project ideas are only a starting point. If your learner becomes interested in another canal, or the country of Panama, or what is the typical journey of an international shipping container…that is authentic learning!
Early this morning, NASA flew a helicopter on Mars! I think that NASA has had so many successes recently that it is easy to forget how difficult this is, and what a huge historic accomplishment this represents. For the first time, humans have flown an aircraft on another planet!
To be honest, to me this is such a huge event that I can’t even begin to think about an authentic project, or an authentic driving question for a project. I think just talking to students, and gaining an understanding of their questions about this event, should lead to an authentic starting point. And honestly, isn’t that how all authentic projects should start?
Congratulations to NASA on the first flight of Ingenuity!
A picture is worth a thousand words. I am also hoping this picture is worth a blue ribbon at our summer county fair. And I plan to use it on a set of future handcrafted holiday cards!
As I mentioned in a previous blog, my husband and I ran into dozens of wild elk on a drive through Elk County, Pennsylvania (that’s a well named county). I knew nothing about elk, but after seeing these gorgeous animals I did quite a bit of research. They are actually members of the deer family.
I can think of many driving questions and projects involving elk. The question that got me doing research was why were we seeing so many elk out in the early spring? We had done this same drive during the summer and did not see one elk. Now we were seeing them everywhere, including in many front yards of homes. Can you imagine walking out your front door and finding 25 elk standing there?
I wish everyone could see these majestic animals in person in the wild, but for many this would need to be a virtual experience. This is not the same as an in person, wild encounter. Even a zoo is not the same. So, if a virtual experience is not authentic enough to engage your learners, with a little research you should be able to find other animals that are indigenous to your local habitat. Good luck, and I would love to see photos of what engages your learners.
If you look closely at this photo you will see that the middle house is jacked up on stilts. This house sits across the street from the Atlantic Ocean. Why is this house up on stilts? What are the owners doing? Why would they be doing this? These homes have been here for a long time. What has changed?
These questions could lead to possible projects about the rising ocean and global warming. But if they lead to a project about home restoration, or the tourist industry (these are homes that are vacation rentals) and the impact of COVID-19…that is authentic learning!
I had never seen a wild turkey before. It was so cool to see this flock (are they called a flock) of turkeys on a drive north of where we live.
Looking through my blog photos, I found a picture I had taken of domestic turkeys and was very surprised at the difference. One big difference, literally, was that the domestic turkeys were bigger, as in more meat. In the photos I had, the wild and domestic birds looked to be different colors also.
So, a driving question for an authentic project might be about the differences between wild and domestic turkeys. Or wild and domestic “any animal.” A question/prompt could be about the history of domestication of an animal. This could easily turn into an authentic project about the history of the domestication of dogs and/or cats.
Learners might also be surprised as to how many animals are considered domestic and what the definition of domestic is. I learned this lesson when I entered a gorgeous “blue-ribbon” photo of alpacas into the wild animal category of our county fair and found out after I entered the photo that alpacas are considered domestic animals. I had thought only dogs and cats were considered domestic.
If a project is truly authentic, you start with a photo of wild turkeys and end up with a project about domestication and a future award-winning photo of alpacas. (I let you know how the alpaca photo does in the domestic category next summer!)