I recently traveled down to Florida to visit my mother (and to defrost a little). Returning, I had to change planes in Virginia. It was late at night, I had a long walk from one terminal to another, I was tired, and I was not paying attention. I walk with a cane (balance issues). I was holding a suitcase handle in one hand, and holding my cane at an odd angle so that I could hold the handrail. I caught my cane in the bottom of the escalator while I was getting off.
The escalator immediately stopped, instantly and very smoothly. I was able to pull my cane out (no damage) and walk off with no injury except to my pride. There was one other person on the escalator, and he was not jostled at all by the smooth stop. He walked to the bottom and asked if I was alright.
There was no way for me to restart the escalator. I sat and watched for awhile out of curiosity, and within five minutes a mechanic showed up to check it out and restart it. This got me thinking about safety measures and things we build.
There are so many authentic projects that could spring from this story. Some driving questions: How do we make (fill in the blank) safer? What could be a safety problem with this machine, invention, furniture…?
If that escalator had not stopped, I think there would have been a very different ending to this story. And since authentic projects should make it real, and make it count – I think that looking at needed safety measures is as about as real as it gets.
And yes, I will pay more attention next time I am on an escalator!
A few weeks ago I wrote a blog about a visit to the PEZ Factory and how a fun authentic project might be about the history of favorite candies. I mentioned that Milton Hershey was almost a passenger on the Titanic, and a student might end up doing a project about those who perished on the Titanic. So, how does a teacher keep control of a project if students end up following different paths of interest. The key is for the teacher to have very clear objectives and goals before the driving question/authentic project is introduced.
For example, if your goal is to teach time lines, then the history of a candy is a perfect project. And if a student decides to research the Titanic, there is a fascinating time line to create for that.
With very clear goals, it is not that difficult to incorporate a student’s interests and authentic discoveries into the project.
And if you read my blog a few weeks ago, my time line shows how long it took my husband to discover he liked PEZ candies and how long it took him to eat a bucket full of them…
On a recent road trip through Connecticut, my husband and I ended up at the PEZ Factory. We saw the sign on the highway and decided to check it out. It is not a big factory, but they produce all the PEZ candies for the United States and Canada.
I knew nothing about PEZ, so I decided to do some research after we left the factory. It is a fascinating story about how the candy came to be.
With Halloween approaching, it may be the perfect time for authentic projects about the history of favorite candies. Another fascinating story is the history of Hershey Chocolate, including how close Milton Hershey came to being a passenger on the Titanic…before he invented Hershey Chocolate!
As always, an authentic project starts with a driving question, but can end up going in a totally different direction. What is the history of your favorite candy? A child researching the history of the Hershey Kiss may end up with a project about people who perished on the Titanic. That is authentic learning.
And as a side note, I bought a bucket of PEZ at the factory for our road trip. There were probably 300 pieces of candy in the bucket. I figured this would be a great snack for our two-week trip, a few pieces at a time. The plan worked great until my husband decided he really liked PEZ candies…
I have recently developed a severe addiction to Honeycrisp Apples. In a hunt for them at a local orchard, I was surprised to see how many types of apples there are. And these are just from Pennsylvania. How many types of apples are there? How many occurred naturally? How are different apples developed?
This authentic project can start in preschool, learning about the shape and color of apples, and end in college with the study of how hybrid apples are developed. And certainly, taste testing should be part of this project…especially of Honeycrisp Apples! Enjoy!
I look at the above photo and see mountains. I see clues as to where this photo might have been taken. I ponder how mountains form. I see high mountains, but hear my husband’s voice reminding me that these east coast mountains are nothing compared to the mountains out west. I see a US National Park and think about the history of the National Park system. I see beauty, but I also see possible stories about survival in the wilderness. I see clouds. I see trees in the summer. I wonder how the colors might differ in the fall, or winter.
One photo can inspire so many different thoughts and authentic projects. What authentic means is make it real and make it count. Making it real means starting with something real, or something that matters. (Photo, story, article, book, movie, personal experience, field trip…)
As a teacher, it can seem daunting to simply let students go in a million different directions. But it can be real to each student within curriculum goals, while allowing the teacher to maintain classroom management. Management from the instructional stand point, behavior becomes almost a non-existent problem when students are engaged.
If this photo is used as a prompt, a driving question can be formulated that takes the students in the direction that the teacher wants/needs to go, while leaving room for students to follow a path of interest to them. You just may be surprised where you end up when you start with a specific goal, but have an open-mind about how you might get there.
*This photo was taken in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park in Tennessee. My husband went on a long and difficult hike to capture this photo. I went on a long and not-so-difficult shopping trip in town!
We recently stopped by a museum that depicted the past Native American inhabitants of the area. I particularly liked this display that showed the underlying structure of the shelters that they built. I was going to do some research into what these shelters were called, who the Natives were… Then I realized that is the whole point of teaching authentically. The kids do the research and they take their interests from there.
What happened historically in teaching was that the teacher did all the research. The teacher presented all the facts, and then gave a quiz. The students memorized all the facts, passed the quiz – well some did – and then promptly forgot what they learned.
If a driving question were developed from this photo, it could be something like, “What were the Native Americans building with this framework?” That is actually probably all students need to know to start their research.
From there, students could engage in authentic projects about Native shelters, food, clothes, or they might segue this into a project about modern homes, or mountain ranges (as seen in the background of the photo)… That is authentic teaching and learning.
This is a “Paddle Wheel” Boat that runs one-hour tours on the Susquehanna River in Pennsylvania. While it appears that the wheel is moving the boat, in actuality the movement of the boat is turning the wheel.
So, how did Paddle Wheel Boats really work in the past? What were other ways that people traveled by water in the past? How do we travel by water in the present? How do you think we will travel by water in the future?
Create an authentic time line of water travel in the past. Create an authentic booklet. Build an authentic model of a boat that really floats. Design an authentic boat/ship of the future. (Can a future design be authentic? Authentic means “make it real, make it count.”)
And if this project turns into a study of shipping companies of the past – that is authentic learning.
*On this trip we learned about a method of moving logs down the Susquehanna River in the 18th Century. Another possible authentic area of study…
The above photo is of an historic grist mill in Pennsylvania. It still works and we bought some wonderful flour from their shop.
The mill no longer runs on water power but converted to electrical power in the 1950s. What is the history of mills and how they ran on water power? Are there still mills that operate solely by water power? What exactly does a mill do? What kinds of mills are there?
Create an authentic time line of mills and their use throughout history? Create an authentic model of a mill run by water power. Create an authentic mill that actually works!
And if this project leads to an authentic cookie bake-off using different types of flour (compare/contrast, survey, graph…) please send a sample or three my way!
The above photo was taken in our local car dealership earlier this week. When we questioned why these cars were on the floor, it was explained that the cars were selling faster than they could get them, so they have no stock to display on the floor.
Currently, there is a shortage of many things. This could lead to many driving questions and authentic projects about the supply chain. Why is there a delay getting many goods right now?
Is it a worker shortage? Material shortage? Shipping problems?
For younger students this could be a simple authentic project about supply and demand. Sometimes we have to wait for what we want. And if the supply is low the cost can be higher.
And I am still waiting for the Legos I ordered for my grandsons on Amazon a month ago!
Driving Question Number One: Why is it so difficult to photograph a flame? Do I need a better camera? New phone? It took me at least 20 shots just to capture this photograph, and the flames were so much bigger and more impressive than in the photo.
Driving Question Number Two: Are gas fire pits/fireplaces good for the environment? Are they better/worse than burning wood? Do they cause any pollution? How economical are they? How do they work? There are so many questions you can ask using this picture as inspiration.
Design a gas fire pit/fireplace. Build a model. Build a real one! So many authentic ways to go with this…